The Landscape of Sexual Exploitation of Children in South Africa is the result of a research .. One of 8 summary papers from the report "Power, Impunity and Anonymity: Programa por un uso seguro y responsable de las tecnologías de la. Orientaciones sexuales e identidades de género no hegemónicas en la las personas LGBTI, labor de la cual son responsables todos. embarazo no planeado y de infecciones de transmisión sexual, como son: el VIH/SIDA Vive y disfruta el ejercer tu sexualidad en forma responsable. ¿Qué es.
La pubertad inicia un desarrollo sexual caracterizado por la maduración sexual de otra persona, será castigado, como responsable de abuso sexual, con la. the imbalance of power inherent in the therapeutic relationship between the (b) touching, of a sexual nature, of the patient by the member, or. Results perception of sexual harassment was lower in gender harassment than in type of sexual harassment, where the harasser, a person in power, demands sexual favours from a . with a 7-point Likert type response format ranging from 1 (it is not sexual .. ¿Quién es el responsable del tratamiento de sus datos?
la prevención y la atención de la violencia y el abuso sexual contra niñas, niños y .. decisiones libres, responsables e informadas de las y los. starting point, the following tendencies (in the ideological alise the power relationships between men and women as if .. sexualidad responsable. AVESA,. mación sobre sexualidad responsable y pla- nificación familiar (25). .. Partner Violence, Power, and Gender Differences in South African.
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High scores were indicative of greater acceptance of myths of sexual harassment. The alpha coefficient for the total scale was. In this study, only global scores were analysed as the primary objective was to obtain an overview of myths rather than a detailed analysis of each specific dimension.
High scores revealed more sexist attitudes. Half of the items were related to hostile sexism HS women get easily offended, women always exaggerate the problems they have at work… , and the other half were related to benevolent sexism BS women are bestowed with a purity that few men possess….
The Cronbach alpha coefficient for hostile subscale was. All the experimental manipulations were effective. The same procedure was applied for each analysis. In Step 1, the type of sexual harassment: gender harassment value 0 vs. Step 2 involved second order interactions between the experimental manipulations and the ideological measures. The results obtained for the first three dependent variables are shown in Table 1 , and the results for the remaining three dependent variables are shown in Table 2.
Most participants believed women who confronted harassment vs. Table 3 Mean Scores and Standard Deviations. Correlation between Variables. The results of this study agree with the findings of these authors in that, in general, perception of sexual harassment was lower in gender harassment than in unwanted sexual attention. The fact that gender harassment was not perceived as such, or even trivialised, in comparison to other more explicit and direct forms unwanted sexual attention , may lead to this type of behaviour becoming normalised in relationships between men and women, the implications of which transcend both occupational and social settings.
Thus, victims exposed to sexual harassment at work who do not dispose of strategies for detecting and coping with harassment feel vulnerable and inept. This instils a sense of helplessness in potential victims that is conveyed in the responses of participants in relation to both types of harassment. This highlights the influence of myths in the perception and evaluation of events Lonsway et al.
In relation to victim response, the results show that participants believed women who confronted their harasser would be evaluated negatively by men and would be attributed more instrumental traits than women who did not confront the harasser, regardless of the type of sexual harassment. As for the evolution of feminine stereotyping, most democratic nations have progressively evolved into perceiving women as competent - at first sight this would appear to be a positive step towards gender equality.
Most of the participants in this study believed that women who confronted their harasser would be perceived by men as impertinent in comparison to women who did not. Previous studies have reported similar results confirming the influence of traditional gender attitudes on the evaluation of victims of violence against women Herrera et al. Moreover, participants indicated they would overlook and take no notice of an incident of harassment, probably because they considered the confrontation response was sufficiently explicit and clear and they had done what was necessary to deter the harasser, particularly in response to more subtle forms of gender harassment.
Furthermore, effects of sexist ideology on perception of harassment were found. Women scoring high on acceptance of myths of sexual harassment gave less importance to incidents of harassment. Several studies have observed how myths of violence against women, e.
These myths include beliefs and behaviours that blame the victim, minimize the psychological impact on victims, and justify the behaviour of the harasser Lonsway et al. Finally, studies on perceptions of harassment and victim response contribute in providing data for the design and implementation of evidence-based social policy on sexual harassment and other types of violence against women.
Throughout society and from all quarters of government victims are encouraged to report offences to the police, but those who dare to do so face a barrage of obstacles with negative repercussions on their lives. The results of the influence of ideological variables highlight the importance of raising social awareness, and in developing effective tools and strategies for detecting and coping with harassment. It should be noted that this study has several limitations which can most certainly be rectified in the future.
The study assessed how women think men will react to women who confront sexual harassment, using a story and questionnaires. Though the literature on the usefulness of these types of studies is extensive, it nonetheless entails certain limitations. Due to the impossibility of recreating real-life situations, the participants in this study may have to fully evaluate and react as they would in real life.
Thus, the size and the occupation of the sample used, as all participants are university students from Spain, is a limitation, so future studies should try to work with more heterogeneous samples which would allow the possible influence of cultural values, age, and sociodemographic and economic status to be analyzed. Bearing in mind the limitations of this study, the results shed some light on the understanding of how women think that men react to victims of harassment when they challenge such behaviour and on understanding some of the main obstacles hindering women from reporting harassment.
This underscores the need for further research to advance our understanding of this phenomenon and to provide accurate definitions representing real-life incidents of sexual harassment that will help victims to identify and report incidents of harassment.
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